Technology is the means by which we produce and reproduce goods, services, ideas, and
knowledge. Technology has been an influence on society since ancient times.
The use of tools like pottery and domestication of plants and animals helped create a more sustainable
way of life as well as agriculture to feed people. As time went on and new types of
technology were invented, societies changed with it.
Technological change is a universal phenomenon that affects every single society in one way or another. Technological change
has had a profound effect on modern-day society.
The advent of Industry and the Industrial Revolution saw mass production become commonplace, significantly changing the way that
products are designed and manufactured.
Today we live in the Information Age where communication between people around the world is instantaneously possible through
advances in technology.
Technology has also impacted our working lives through automation such as industrial robots and computerization; meaning fewer jobs are at risk from automation compared to previous technological revolutions.
What is technology?
Technology is the application of science and knowledge to solve practical problems. It can
be anything from machines and tools, to processes and systems and even to human
behaviour. Human beings use science and knowledge to solve problems.
They invent new things that help them live better and solve problems in new ways. New machines and tools
are also created by inventors who use science and knowledge to create things like
computers and smartphones.
To be clear, technology is the application of science and knowledge while science and knowledge are not technology. For example, a person who invents an airplane is not making a technology out of nothing, but is using a science and
knowledge to invent something new.
History of Technology
The use of tools dates back to humanity’s earliest days. However, the concept of mass
production and the invention of mechanized tools did not occur until the Industrial
The Industrial Revolution saw the mass production of goods and the mechanization of tools. During this time the steam engine and rail system were invented, leading to transportation revolution.
Advances in medicine during the 19th century were also important, as many previously fatal conditions were now treatable.
Types of Technology
Computers: The ability to store and retrieve information with great speed, computers are
probably the most recognizable technology to the general public.
The computer has changed the world and our lives in many different ways. It allows us to store information
and communicate with others quickly and easily.
Internet: This is a network of computers that allows users to connect to the internet. This allows us to use websites, email, social media, and many other things.
Mobile phones: These allow people to connect to the internet, send text messages and make phone calls. They have also changed how people communicate and have become a very important part of people’s lives.
Robots: These machines are designed to do work for humans, like delivering packages or cleaning buildings. They are useful for tasks that are repetitive or dangerous and are also used in research and development.
Biotechnology: This is the use of science to make things like medicines and food from plants and animals. – Nanotechnology: This is the manipulation of matter on the nanoscale level.
Wearable tech: This type of tech is wearable like a watch or bracelet. It tells you things like your fitness activity, phone call, and calendar reminder information.
Smart cities: This is the creation of a smart, interconnected city. It allows for better management and control of resources and the delivery of services.
Autonomous cars: This is the use of technology to help cars drive themselves. This allows people to drive while doing other tasks like reading or listening to music. This could greatly reduce the number of accidents and deaths caused by automobile accidents.
Artificial intelligence: This is using computers to imitate human intelligence and learn. This can be used in medical
diagnosis, to drive cars, and for many other purposes.
Uncertainty and ambiguity in AI: This is the use of AI to create uncertainty and ambiguity in human decision-making. It is
done to create more debate and awareness about the topic.
Virtual reality: This is a computer simulation that creates a virtual world like a game or a movie. It is useful for
things like training for military operations or for education.
Augmented reality: This is a computer simulation that mixes the real world with a virtual world. It is useful for things
like giving directions or showing a real-life object like a building.
Internet of things: This is the use of sensors and devices to connect different things like appliances, vehicles, and
other objects. It allows them to send information or receive commands through the internet.
3D printing: This is the creation of physical objects from a digital model. It is useful for
creating models of objects so they can be reused, created, or modified in different ways.
Why does technology matter?
Technology is an important part of modern life. The way we work, communicate, and learn
has fundamentally changed because of technology. It also affects our environment in a way
that we may not notice, such as the way we use energy.
People often say that we are becoming a “technological society”, but that is not really accurate. We are becoming more
technologically advanced, not more technologically oriented.
In order to understand how technology affects us and our society, we must look at how it has changed the way we live throughout the years.
One major change that has occurred is the invention of the steam engine which led to mass production of goods. The invention of the computer in the 1940s changed the way we communicate and do many other things. These are just a few ways that
technological change has impacted our day-to-day lives.
How will future technologies be implemented?
New technologies are very exciting and can offer many benefits to society, such as increased
safety and ability to communicate with others.
However, they can pose new challenges as well, such as job automation and rising sea levels. As technologies become more advanced and are adopted by more people, it is important to think about how they can be used
This can be done by ensuring that laws and regulations are in place to protect
people and the environment. Governments can also engage in education about new
technologies to ensure that everyone understands how they can be used for good.
Will all future technologies be beneficial?
Although new technologies can bring many benefits such as increased safety and ability to
communicate quickly, they can also pose challenges such as job automation and rising sea
Governments can be responsible for ensuring that new technologies are
implemented responsibly and can be used for good.